Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 101
    Published on December 27, 2016

Protein Which Causes Heart Disease

Researchers discovered ALK1 protein in our body that aids in increasing LDL cholesterol levels in our blood vessels. Researchers say their study findings will help in developing a treatment to block ALK1 protein. Blocking ALK1 protein prevents or slow down the clogging of arteries due to high levels of LDL cholesterol, a condition that leads to heart disease. Lead author of the study is Dr. Jan R Kraehling PhD from Yale University School of Medicine and senior author of the study is Dr. William C Sessa PhD. The study findings were published in Nature Communications.


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Body Fat Storage

A study done by researchers from the Cambridge University shows risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), stroke and heart attack increases if the human body fails to store excess fat safely. Researchers studied 200,000 individuals and the study results show genetic variations make some individuals less likely to deposit fat under the skin safely. If the body unable to store fat safely, body start storing excess fat in abdominal or belly area where important organs such as liver, pancreas, intestines and kidney exist. The fat-binding all these organs is called visceral fat. Visceral fat is a risk factor for heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Researchers say their findings explain the reasons for the development of above-mentioned diseases in slim people who eat excess food but their body unable to store excess fat safely under the skin. Researchers say regardless of body weight of an individual, factors to reduce risk are

  • Daily physical exercise
  • A healthy diet and lifestyle

Researchers say 53 percent of individuals successfully inherited genetic variants that knows how to store fat safely under the skin or in the lower part of the body. Rest of the individuals face fat storage problem. Dr. Luca Lotta is a member of the study and the study findings were published in Nature Genetics.

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Visceral fat : Our body fat is stored in following areas

  • Visceral fat (around internal organs)
  • Subcutaneous fat (beneath the skin)
  • Yellow bone marrow (bone marrow)
  • Breast tissue
  • Muscular system (intermuscular)

Fat under the skin is called subcutaneous fat, which is not dangerous to health. Abdominal (or belly) cavity is the location for important body organs such as intestines, kidney, pancreas and liver. A gel-like fat binding all these organs is called visceral fat (also known as "organ fat"). Excess visceral fat is a risk factor for serious health complications. An individual can measure visceral fat in the body with the formula

(Circumference Of Waist) ÷ (Circumference Of Hip)

The result should be less than 1.0 for men and less than 0.85 for women. Risks with visceral fat are

Tips to reduce visceral fat are

  • Performing daily exercise
  • Avoid sugar-rich food
  • Avoid refined carbs
  • Eat food containing non-starch vegetables and proteins
  • Reduce stress
  • Sleep for 7 to 9 hours each day
  • Increase fiber-rich food. Fiber reduces visceral fat
  • Avoid smoking
  • Limit consumption of alcohol
  • Studies show that daily consumption of two tablespoons of coconut oil reduces visceral fat
  • Avoid high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)

Liposuction procedure just removes subcutaneous fat and not suitable procedure to lower visceral fat in the body.



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