| || Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases |
Article 141 Published on February 22, 2017
Sleep Apnea Devices (MAD) May Not Change Risk Factors
A study by researchers from University Hospital of Angers, France shows obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) devices may improve oral breathing but they fail in reducing heart disease and cardiovascular diseases risk factors. Researchers monitored effects of mandibular advancement device (MAD) among 150 patients, 86 percent male individuals, aged between 18 and 70 years with severe sleep apnea but without a serious heart condition. Results show improvement in snoring, sleepiness and fatigue symptoms but failed to improve blood pressure and endothelial function.
Researchers say the mechanism that contributes to increased risk of cardiovascular disease with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is endothelial dysfunction. Researchers did not study the improvements in the usage of mandibular advancement device (MAD) on endothelial function in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Researchers say more studies are required to find out whether mandibular advancement device (MAD) therapy improve endothelial function in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Lead author of the study is Prof Frdric Gagnadoux MD, professor pulmonology, University Hospital of Angers, France and the study findings were published online Jan 27, 2017, in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Health Benefits Of High Altitude Living
A study by Spanish researchers from the University of Navarra shows reduced risk of heart disease, stroke and type ii diabetes (T2D) in people living at higher altitudes (between 457 to 2,297 meters) compared with people living at sea level (zero to 121 meters). Scientists say individual's geographic area contribute to changes in blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels, which are risk factors to stroke, heart diseases and type 2 diabetes (T2D) irrespective of family history. Researchers came to conclusion after analyzing Spanish project data. Co-senior author of the study is Amaya Lopez-Pascual and the study findings were published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology.
Symptoms And Risk Factors For Heart Disease In Women
Heart disease symptoms are different in women when compared with men. The symptoms of heart disease in women are
- Chest experience pain or discomfort, a very common symptom
- Jaw, neck, shoulder, upper back or abdominal may experience discomfort
- Breath shortness
- One arm or both arms experience pain
- Dizziness, Fatigue and Sweating
Risk factors common to both men and women are high cholesterol levels, blood pressure levels and obesity. Women-specific risk factors for the development of heart disease are
- Women with diabetes during pregnancy called gestational diabetes (GD) increases the long-term risk of diabetes, a risk factor for the heart complications
- Mental stress and depression affect women's heart more compared with men's heart
- Smoking affects women's heart more compared with men's heart
- Women are more physically inactive compared to men and are it is a major risk factor for heart disease
- A natural reduction in hormones after menopause is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease
- Sometimes severe stressful situations cause temporary heart muscle failure causing death called as broken heart syndrome or stress cardiomyopathy. Chances of broken heart syndrome in women are more after menopause.
- High blood pressure during pregnancy increases the long-term risk of blood pressure, a risk factor for the development of heart disease
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