A study on mice models by researchers from the University of Southern California, United States shows reversing of diabetes (both type 1 and type 2 diabetes - T1D and T2D) and restoring beta cells functionality (to produce insulin) in the pancreas with fasting diet. The fasting diet resembles vegan diet, low in calories containing soup and nuts. Normal diet for the rest of the month (25 days) after five days of the low-calorie diet. The current study findings were confirmed in animal models. Preparations to conduct trials on humans are underway.
Researchers think starving to extreme condition and bringing back to normal condition causes some form of developmental reprogramming in our body to rebuild beta cells and its functionality in the pancreas. Even though the results are exciting, researchers say not to follow the study findings without doctor's supervision as the study results are preliminary and still a lot to understand the mechanism behind this development. Head of the research team is Dr. Valter Longo and co-author of the study is Pejmun Haghighi. The study findings were published in the Cell.
Avocados are rich in vitamin B5, vitamin K, fiber and omega 3 fatty acids. But a study on rare gene mutations by researchers from Cambridge University suggests avocados are not good for the health of an individual. They also say fats found in fish and nuts too increases the risk of heart diseases. The researchers say specific gene mutations such as SCARB1 in an individual can lead to elevated good cholesterol (HDL) levels. Previous studies show good cholesterol levels are associated with reduced heart disease risks. But SCARB1 gene is associated with 80 percent increase in the risk of heart attack.
The researchers say this current discovery could lead to the development of new drugs to improve processing of "good" cholesterol or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The improvement in the processing of HDL cholesterol prevents cardiovascular diseases and heart attacks. The study findings were reported in The Irish Times.
Dr. Aseem Vashist, a cardiologist from Pat & Jim Calhoun Cardiology Center, UConn Health, Connecticut, United States says limiting the consumption of saturated fat, sugar and salt can prevent future heart diseases and heart attacks. Saturated fats, solids at room temperature comes from animal sources and they increase LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) levels, which is a risk factor for heart diseases and stroke. Some of the saturated fats are butter, cheese, dairy products, animal meat etc.
The American Heart Association says an individual should not exceed 2,300 milligrams (mg) of salt per day. But 1,500 milligrams (mg) of salt per day is ideal. Studies show less than 25 percent of sodium Americans eat actually comes directly from the salt shaker. Most of the salt we eat comes from processed and restaurant foods and an individual should limit them to keep better heart health.
Added sugar consumption should not exceed nine teaspoons per day for men and six teaspoons per day for women. Consumption of sugar increases obesity. Heart and other organs functionality are at risk with additional weight or obesity. So reducing sugar consumption causes a reduction in weight and improvement in the health. An individual can maintain good health by limiting consumption of salt, sugar and saturated fats along with daily physical exercise.
The Diabetes News Chronicle does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Information in Diabetes News Chronicle is to support and not to replace medical advice given by the surgeon or physician or doctor. Published article is not a medical advice by the OWNER of the "Diabetes News Chronicle" website or by the AUTHOR of the article.
Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.