| || Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases |
Article 158 Published on March 15, 2017
Recent Research Shows Good Health Results With Ketogenic Diet
Healthcare professionals recommend lifestyle modifications such as diet and daily physical activity to individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) to manage the condition. Often they advise diet approved by the American Diabetes Association. An earlier study by researchers from the University of Michigan shows a very low carb ketogenic diet along with increased daily physical exercise and sufficient sleep helped an individual with prediabetes or with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in improving glycemic control and reducing body weight. Now the same research team wanted to compare health benefits between ketogenic diet and control (plate) arm or "Create Your Plate" diet. They conducted studies among diabetes individuals having body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 25. The researchers have delivered interventions online and completed 32 weeks follow up studies. The final results show
- Reduction in HbA1c levels by 0.8 percent in individuals following the low carbohydrate ketogenic diet
- Reduction in HbA1c levels by 0.3 percent in individuals following the control (plate) arm
- More than 50 percent of the individuals following low carbohydrate ketogenic diet had achieved less than 6.5 percent HbA1c levels
- Average weight loss of 12.7 kgs recorded in individuals following ketogenic diet participants and three kgs average loss in control (plate) arm
The researchers concluded that very low carb ketogenic diet along with lifestyle changes is beneficial in reducing HbA1c levels and reducing body weight. The study findings were published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research.
Simple Steps To Improve Heart Health
Health factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, blood sugar or glucose levels, body mass index (BMI) are worsening and risks of heart diseases are increasing. Following steps can improve heart health.
- Soy Protein : Earlier studies show soy foods can help an individual in lowering cholesterol levels with their fatty acids, isoflavones and with their protein content. An individual should consume at least 25 grams of soy foods per day by consuming soy-rich foods such as soy milk, soy nuts, edamame, tempeh etc.
- Nuts : Earlier studies show nuts such as cashews, pistachios, brazil nuts, peanuts, pecan halves and almonds are rich with healthy fats, vitamins, minerals, fiber, protein. They have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. An individual should consume a handful of nuts or 1.5 ounces per day.
- Plant Sterols : Plant sterols are like body cholesterol and helps us in reducing body cholesterol absorption. Small amounts of plant sterols are found naturally in foods such as vegetable oils, vegetables, fruits, cereals, seeds, nuts and legumes. Margarine (an imitation butter spread) contains added plant sterols. An individual should consume two to three grams of plant sterols per day.
- Fiber : Earlier studies show fiber reduces body cholesterol levels and reduces the risk of the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Foods such as whole grains, vegetables, legumes, fruits, seeds, nuts are rich in fiber. An individual should consume at least 25 to 30 grams of fiber per day.
- Fish : Our body requires omega-3 fatty acids but our body can not make them. They help us in lowering heart risks and reducing lipid levels. As per The American Heart Association guidelines, an individual should consume two servings of fatty fish (such as salmon, trout, tuna) per week.
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