When the blood glucose levels are high, the excess glucose levels will neither used by the body nor stored in the tissues of the body. The excess sugar will be attached to red blood cells. The lifespan of the glucose is three to four months. HbA1c test gives average sugar or glucose attached blood of an individual during the last three months. HbA1c test result will be represented in percent, indicating estimated average glucose or eAG during last 3 months. ADA recommends below 7.0 for diabetes patients. The target range of HbA1c is between 6.5 to 7.0 percent. One can use formula
A study conducted by American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists shows pregnant women carrying more than one baby are at risk of pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes (GD), preeclampsia, fetal growth and depression after pregnancy. The study conducted with the details of 15 pregnant women carrying twins and 108 women carrying a single baby. All the women are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D). The study found that more insulin is required by pregnant women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) between 14 and 27 weeks carrying more than one baby compared with pregnant women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) carrying one child. The insulin value remains constant between 27 to 33 weeks due to restricted growth in fetal development, which is normal in pregnant women carrying more than one baby with type 1 diabetes (T2D).
A 50 year review of evidence published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, eating a lot of fat is healthy and high-fat diet reduces individual's risk to breast cancer (57% cut in risk), type 2 diabetes (T2D) (30% cut in risk) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD 29% cut in risk) compared with non fat diet. Refined grains, saturated fats, added sugar increases risk to chronic diseases. Researchers studied available evidence and say the Mediterranean diet is healthy. The Mediterranean diet contains following food components
Monosaturated fats improve cholesterol levels and control sugar levels in the blood. Dr. Hanna Bloomfield, US Department of Veterans Affairs medical center, Minnesota is the leader of the study.
A study was done among 5,149 patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) shows children born with heart diseases are at increased risk to type 2 diabetes (T2D) after the age of 30 years. Cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) is a health condition where tissues of the skin surface receive less oxygen and turn bluish. Dr. Nicolas Madsen MD, Cardiologist, Cincinnati is the lead author of the study and findings were published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
A study led by Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian M.D (Tufts University) and Dr. Fumiaki Imamura Ph.D (University of Cambridge) shows eating more unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats in place of carbohydrates or saturated fats lowers blood sugar levels and improves insulin resistance. The study findings suggest eating more fat-rich foods like walnuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds, flaxseed, vegetable oils and fish and avoid refined grains, sugars, starches and animal fats. The study results were published in PLOS Medicine.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.