Clemson University researchers developed cheap and easy to use test strips to check blood sugar levels. Kayla Gainey, a Ph.D student and her bioengineering professor Dr. Delphine Dean developed a coated paper (named as Life-Tab) that changes into different color with a drop of test blood based on the sugar present in the blood. Picture of the color changed coated paper taken by a mobile app gives a reading of the sugar levels. Another coated paper (named as Vet-Tab) for pets like dogs, cats etc which uses pets salvia. Any ink-jet printers can produce test strips using enzymes of the company (instead of ink) costing around 5 cents per print. GlucoSense researchers started Accessible Diagnostics Consulting LLP and they are planning to market Vet-Tab during 2017 and Life-Tab during 2018.
Medical experts believe that insulin pill coated in a fatty layer can be used instead of insulin injections. Scientists led by Prof Mary McCourt from Niagra University, the United States developed cholestosome technology to deliver insulin orally to the targeted area in the body. A cholestosome is a neutral and lipid-based tiny capsule that contains drugs like insulin. The capsule can pass through the stomach without degrading. The tiny capsule passes through intestines and into the bloodstream. Cells take it and break it and finally release insulin. Currently, scientists are conducting trials with animals. The study results were presented to the American Chemical Society (ACS) recently.
Scientists first discovered beige fat cells in 2012. Unlike "white" fat cells which stores fat, beige fat cells burn calories. Scientists found that beige fat cells have the skill to switch back and forth between a "white" state and a "brown" state. Mitochondria is a specialized structure and a powerhouse found in large numbers in the cell. Mitochondria perform energy production and respiration (known as cellular respiration). "White" cell can be turned into "brown" state (an energy burking state) when a "white" cell is prevented from digesting its own nutrients. Beige fat cells have the tendency to burn itself and disappear. All mammals have both "white" fat cells and "brown" fat cells. Recently scientists invented a new drug to convert mice's "white" fat cells into "beige" fat cells with limited success. The study published in the online journal Cell Metabolism.
The number of young children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is rising at a rate of 3 percent worldwide. Causes for the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in young children is a mystery. Individual gets type 1 diabetes (T1D) when immune system attacks islet cells that creates insulin in the pancreas. If the friendly bacteria die during early life due to antibiotics, then individual gets type 1 diabetes (T1D). A study done by NYU Langone Medical Center, New York thinks some gut microorganisms in individual body teach body immune system not to attack body cells. Researchers say treating type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children with some gut microorganisms those are good in teaching immune system not to attack cells is a good idea. Researchers say giving antibiotics to babies and toddlers could kill friendly bacteria in the stomach and increases risks to the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Mice's 6 weeks of life translates into 30 months of life to humans. Researchers compared to the health of two groups of mice from a young age, one mice group administered with several doses of antibiotics and another without any antibiotics. The study results show that three doses of antibiotics to mice by the age of 6 weeks double the risk of development of type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared with mice not given antibiotics. Researchers link health problems such as type 1 diabetes (T1D), obesity, asthma and digestive problems to the use of antibiotics. The study findings were published in the journal Nature Microbiology.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.