Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 56
    Published on September 14, 2016

Triglycerides, Hypertension, Hypotension & Blood Pressure And Benefits With Intensive Diabetes Treatment

A study done by researchers shows intensive type 2 diabetes (T2D) management can extend life by 8 years. The research results show risks to kidney, heart and vision complications too reduced except risk to nerve damages. An individual can benefit from intensive type ii diabetes (T2D) treatment even if one starts from middle age. Intensive diabetes treatment include following good lifestyle (eating a healthy diet, no smoking, doing daily physical exercise) and with health factors such as

  • Reducing blood pressure levels
  • Reducing blood sugar levels
  • Reducing triglycerides
  • Reducing "BAD" cholesterol and increasing "GOOD" cholesterol
  • Reducing blood clots

Intensive type 2 diabetes treatments reduce blood sugar glucose, blood pressure, heart diseases.

Researchers say usage of statins made big difference in the outcome. Author of the study was Dr. Oluf Pedersen, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center, Denmark the study results were published in the journal Diabetologia.

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Blood pressure : Blood while circulating within the body exerts pressure on the walls of the blood vessels and is called blood pressure and measured in mm of mercury. Blood pressure increases when the heart pumps blood (heartbeats) and falls when the heart relaxes between beats. Blood pressure (BP) is a vital sign that indicates the health of an individual and expressed as maximum pressure (systolic) over minimum pressure (diastolic). Normal parameters for a healthy individual is 120/80 mm Hg. Desired values for systolic is between 90 to 119 mm Hg and for diastolic is 60 to 79 mm Hg. Blood pressure keeps on changing with respect to activity, situation and disease.

  • One can say an individual is with hypotension or low blood pressure if systolic reading is less than 90 mm Hg and diastolic reading is less than 60 mm Hg.
  • One can say an individual is with hypertension or high blood pressure if systolic reading is more than 140 mm Hg and diastolic reading is more than 90 mm Hg.

High blood pressure put extra load on heart and blood vessels and increases the risk of heart attack, strokes, kidney diseases and some forms of dementia. Risk factors for high blood pressure are

  • High salt intake
  • High alcohol consumption
  • Overweight
  • Leading sedentary life
  • Low fruit and vegetable consumption
  • Age factor. As age increases, blood pressure too increases
  • Genetic factors
  • Ethnic origin factor. Individuals from South Asian communities and the African Caribbean are at greater risk for high blood pressure

Systolic reading is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This reading increases with age due to plaque buildup in arteries.

Triglycerides : Triglycerides are the main form of fat molecules in the body and blood. The heart is at increased risk with high triglycerides levels in the blood and body. Extra food (such as fats, carbohydrates and proteins) that we consume are finally converted into triglycerides in our digestive system. Triglycerides are bundled and transported in the bloodstream to adipose (fat) cells in our body for storage. The stored fat is used for energy whenever there is a food shortage. Triglycerides levels in our body can be checked with a lipid profile test. Normal fasting triglyceride for both men and women is 1.7 mmol/L. High levels of triglycerides co-exist with other health factors such as diabetes, high total cholesterol, high LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol. An individual can reduce triglycerides for better health and reduced risk to heart by following health measures

  • Eating more omega-3 fatty acid foods
  • Daily healthy diet
  • Reducing consumption of fats (such as saturated and trans fats)
  • Weight loss
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Physical exercise

Several medicines can help an individual in reducing dangerous triglyceride levels. They are

Cholesterol and triglycerides are lipids and circulate in our bloodstream with the help of proteins as they can't dissolve in blood. Triglycerides are unused calories or energy and stored in our body cells as fat to be used in future. The body requires cholesterol to build body cells and some hormones.



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