Fat distribution in the body varies among people. Fat will be stored mostly in places such as belly, hips, thighs, chest, nape of the neck, shoulder, abdomen, buttocks etc. Some people are genetically inclined to higher waist-to-hip ratio and are at higher risk of higher systolic blood pressure, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and heart diseases. A study done by researchers shows higher risk of future heart diseases (such as coronary heart disease) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in those individuals who are genetically inclined to store fat in the belly area (having an apple-shaped body). Earlier observational studies found a link between type ii diabetes (T2D) and heart diseases and belly fat but could not show cause and effect relationship.
Researchers found the cause and effect relationship after analyzing more than 400,000 participants of previous studies done between 2007 to 2015. Connor Emdin says their study findings could lead to the development of new drugs in future targeting belly fat to lower risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Lead author of the study is Connor Emdin from Massachusetts General Hospital and senior author of the study is Sekar Kathiresan from Harvard Medical School. Study findings were published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
A study done by researchers from APC Microbiome Institute, Cork, Ireland shows microbes in the gut play a role to benefit heart health. Scientists found that risk of heart and cardiovascular diseases can be reduced and gut health can be improved with oat beta-glucan fiber by consuming porridge regularly. In experiments with mice models, researchers found that oat beta-glucan lowers blood cholesterol, improves the functionality of microbita, increases the microbial count in the gut, acting as a prebiotic and lowers body weight. Researchers say role played by gut bacteria should be considered while treating cardiovascular diseases through medication or food options. Nearly 30 percent of worldwide deaths are due to cardiovascular deaths. Known measures to prevent cardiovascular disease are regular diet and exercise, which helps in reducing the development of atherosclerosis. This study shows gut microbita also plays a role in reducing cardiovascular disease risk. The leader of the study is Prof Catherine Stanton from APC Microbiome Institute
Beta glucans : Beta-glucans is a glucose polymer found in cell walls of cereals (such as oats and barley), mushrooms, seaweed, sorghum, wheat, rye etc. Beta glucans are used to reduce diseases risks such as cancer, diabetes, HIV/AIDS and high cholesterol. Fiber helps us in moving stool through the colon and digestive tract and keeps them clean and healthy. They prevent colon cancer too. A gel-like substance will be formed when fiber dissolves in water which helps in bringing down blood glucose and cholesterol levels.
A study done by researchers from Rutgers University, New Jersy shows born children will be more vulnerable to lifelong effects with diabetes and high sugar levels with binge drinking (4 or more drinks in 2 hours) of the mother before conception or pregnancy. Researchers conducted studies in rats and found multiple signs of abnormal glucose functionality. Lead researcher of the study is Dipak Sarkar and co-author of the study is Ali Al-Yasari. The study findings were published in the Endocrine Society's annual meeting in Orlando, Florida.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.