Obesity Increases Type 2 Diabetes Or Post Donation Diabetes Mellitus (PDDM) Risk Among Living Kidney Donors (LKD)
A study by researchers shows higher risk of the new type 2 diabetes (T2D) development among living kidney donors (LKD) who are overweight or obese. The researchers studied pre-donation pharmacy fill records of 20,138 living kidney donors (LKD). The researchers checked insulin and non-insulin based diabetes medicines used by living kidney donors (LKD) individuals with pharmacy fill to find out new onset post-donation diabetes mellitus (PDDM).
The average age of living kidney donors (LKD) individuals is 42.7 years. 40.8 percent of the individuals were overweight (body mass index BMI between 25 and 30 kg/m2 ) and 22.8 percent of the individuals are obese (body mass index BMI more than 30 kg/m2 ). Medications to treat post-donation diabetes mellitus (PDDM) in living kidney donors (LKD) increased gradually. The study findings show
The above study findings show obesity is a risk factor for post-donation diabetes mellitus (PDDM) in living kidney donors (LKD) individuals. Author of the study is Professor Krista L Lentine, MD, PhD, at Saint Louis University (SLU), Saint Louis, Missouri and the study findings were presented at the 2017 American Transplant Congress, Chicago.
A German Study Shows Zinc Supply Affects Heart Health
A study by German researchers at Technical University, Munich shows an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and cardiac function due to oxidative stresses associated with low levels of zinc in the body. Earlier studies indicated increased cellular stress with very low levels of zinc. But chances of very low levels of zinc is very rare.
The researchers monitored vitamin E and glutathione antioxidants in the young piglets. Free radicals were disabled by vitamin E and glutathione antioxidants. The researchers conducted experiments by varying nutritional zinc levels in piglets for few days to find out how heart muscles are affected by declining amount of zinc. Results show as zinc levels in the body decline, levels of vitamin E and glutathione in the heart muscle too declined. The reduction in vitamin E and glutathione levels affected abilities of the heart in handling oxidative stress. The study findings were published in the journal Nutrition.
Zinc : Zinc is a natural metal and body requires a small amount of this metal for multiple numbers of body functions and to activate body enzymes. Important functions of zinc in the body include healthy cell division, preventing free radicals, learning and memory function, wounds or ulcers healing, immunity improvement etc.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.