The ACALM study shows married people with heart disease risks have higher survival rates
The ACALM study by researchers at Aston Medical School, Aston University, Birmingham city centre, UK shows marriage is good for the heart health. The study shows better survival chances for the married individuals having high heart disease risk factors such as high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes (T2D) or high sugar (or glucose) levels and high blood pressure.
Researchers examined data of more than 900,000 heart disease risk patients with high-risk factors such as high sugar levels, high cholesterol and high blood pressure, between January 2000 and March 2013 from the hospitals in northern England. They compared the collected data with their marital status. The study results show individual may be likely alive at the end of the study with of the following risk factor if the individual was married compared with an unmarried individual.
Authors of the study say the benefits are due to the protective effects and heart disease risk reduction with the marriage. Lead author of the study was Dr. Paul Carter. The study findings were presented at the British Cardiovascular Society conference.
No gender difference in stress as a risk for coronary heart disease (CAD)
Researchers acknowledged that the factor associated with the increased coronary heart disease (CAD) deaths is a psychosocial stress and it is a leading cause of death due to heart diseases in the United States. A study by researchers at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States shows increased plaque formation in the arteries (a risk factor to coronary heart disease CAD) is equal in men and women with the psychosocial stress factor. This was the first study on this subject, showing risks to asymptomatic coronary heart disease (CAD) with urinary cortisol. In medical terms, asymptomatic means an individual is infected with the infection or disease but the individual may not be showing noticeable symptoms. It can also be called as subclinical infections. This study also shows increased levels of dopamine (carries signals between brain cells) lowers risks to the coronary artery calcium (CAC) buildup. This association is independent of all other factors.
Researchers used the "Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis" data and number of the participants in the study were 654. Percentage of women participants were 53. Researchers examined increased coronary artery calcium (CAC) buildup in coronary arteries (a risk factor to coronary heart disease CAD) with biomarkers such as the urinary stress hormones dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine and cortisol. Researchers concluded that lower levels of dopamine and higher levels of cortisol were independently associated with higher levels of coronary artery calcium (CAC).
Their study also shows women had higher levels of psychosocial stress hormone in their urine but the association between asymptomatic coronary heart disease (CAD) and stress were similar in both men and women. The study findings were published on June 15, 2017, in the American Journal of Cardiology, under the title "Relation of Stress Hormones (Urinary Catecholamines/Cortisol) to Coronary Artery Calcium in Men Versus Women (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA])". The National Institutes of Health supported this study.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.