The ACALM Study Shows That Married People With A Risk Of Heart Disease Have Higher Survival Rates
The ACALM study at the Aston Medical School, Aston University, Birmingham city center, the United Kingdom shows that marriage is good for heart health. The study shows a better survival chance for the married individuals having high-risk factors for heart disease such as high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes (T2D) or high sugar (glucose) level and hypertension (high blood pressure. BP).
The researchers have examined the data of more than 900,000 patients of heart disease with high-risk factors such as high sugar levels, high cholesterol and high blood pressure, between January 2000 and March 2013 from the hospitals in northern England.
The study has compared the chance of survival at the end of the study between married and unmarried people by comparing the following risk factors for heart diseases.
The authors of the study say that the benefits are due to the protective effects and a cut in the risk of heart disease with the marriage. The lead author of the study was Dr. Paul Carter. The study was presented at the British Cardiovascular Society conference.
No Gender Difference In Stress As A Risk For Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
The researchers say that the factor associated with the increased number of deaths with coronary heart disease (CHD) is the psychosocial stress. Psychosocial stress is the leading cause of death due to heart diseases in the United States.
A study at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), the United States shows that the increased plaque formation in the arteries (a risk factor to coronary heart disease. CHD) is associated with the psychosocial stress. The plaque formation is equal in men and women.
This was the first study on this subject, showing the risk of asymptomatic coronary heart disease (CHD) with the urinary cortisol. In medical terms, asymptomatic means an individual is infected with the infection or disease but the individual may not be showing the noticeable symptoms. It can also be called as subclinical infections.
This study also shows an increased level of dopamine (which carries signals between the cells in the brain) can lower the risk of coronary artery calcium (CAC) buildup. This association is independent of all other factors.
The researchers used the "Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis" data in the study. The number of participants in the study is 654 and about 53 percent of them are women.
The researchers have examined the buildup of coronary artery calcium (CAC) in the coronary arteries (a risk factor to coronary heart disease. CHD) with potential biomarkers such as the urinary stress hormones dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine and cortisol.
The study also shows that the women have a higher level of psychosocial stress hormone in their urine but the association between (asymptomatic) coronary heart disease (CHD) and stress are similar in both men and women.
The study was published on June 15, 2017, in the American Journal of Cardiology. Title of the article was "Relation of Stress Hormones (Urinary Catecholamines/Cortisol) to Coronary Artery Calcium in Men Versus Women (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA])". The National Institutes of Health supported this study.
The Diabetes News Chronicle does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Information in Diabetes News Chronicle is to support and not to replace medical advice given by the surgeon or physician or doctor. The published article is not a medical advice by the OWNER of the "Diabetes News Chronicle" website or by the AUTHOR of the article.
Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.