A study at the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel shows that the frozen shoulder (or painful shoulder) could be a warning sign of the type 2 diabetes (T2D). A joint pain or a persistent stiffness in the joint are the symptoms of the frozen shoulder. The normal shoulder movements will become difficult with the frozen shoulder, affecting daily activities.
The frozen shoulder is also known as shoulder contracture or adhesive capsulitis. This problem generally occurs in people who underwent a shoulder surgery. An earlier study shows that the shoulder disorders are affecting between 10 and 22 percent of the patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared between two and four percent in the patients without type 2 diabetes.
Experts believe that the hyperglycemia can (high blood sugar levels) increase the swelling and inflammation in the joints leading to the frozen shoulder. The study was published July 11, 2017, in the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. Title of the article was "Should Patients With Frozen Shoulder Be Screened for Diabetes Mellitus?".
Frozen shoulder : Restricted movement of the shoulder associated with a pain and stiffness is called frozen shoulder. The frozen shoulder may be due to overuse of the shoulder, shoulder injury or diseases such as a stroke or diabetes. This pain comes in and goes out slowly over a period. This can be prevented if the pain is due to injury. Common risk factors for the frozen shoulder are.
An individual suffering from frozen shoulder should consult a doctor to know about the exercise programs to prevent a chronic shoulder stiffness. The American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) suggests a frequent and gentle crossover arm stretch exercise to get the relief from frozen shoulder.
A study on mouse models at the University of California shows a lower risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and weight loss by losing the sense of smell (a key to enjoy eating). The gene therapy technique was used in the experiment to find out the benefits by losing the sense of smell in mouse models.
Researchers observed an increased burning of fat and calories in the obese mouse models with high blood sugar (glucose) levels, but without the sense of smell. But the mouse models have regained weight and high sugar levels after regaining the sense of smell. Researchers observed an increase in the noradrenaline hormone with the loss of sense of smell. Noradrenaline hormone is a risk factor for a heart attack.
Researchers suggest that burning excess fat and calories in the people who cannot smell the food instead of storing calories in the body (in the form of fat). This study indicates an association between body metabolism and smell system or olfactory (part of the sensor system). Researchers say that this study suggests the role of the sensory neurons involved in smell system in the body metabolism. This can help the individuals with a difficulty in losing weight.
Authors say that a drug can be made to block the metabolic circuitry without interfering sense of smell. This study provides a practical and possible solution for the obese people with type 2 diabetes and a difficulty in losing weight.
Senior author of the study was Dr. Andrew George Dillin, professor in molecular and cell biology and an investigator at Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Maryland, United States. The study was published July 5, 2017, in the journal Cell Metabolism. Title of the article was "The Sense of Smell Impacts Metabolic Health and Obesity".
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.