Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 228
    Published on August 18, 2017


Risk of heart disease in women can be predicted with race and weight gain

A study done by the researchers at the University of Pittsburgh shows a way to a physician in finding the risk of the development of heart diseases in women by their race and by identifying fat storage areas in their bodies. Excess fat accumulation around the heart is a risk factor for heart diseases. But only special heart scan can show the fat accumulation around the heart. Authors say their previous study coupled with current study helped them in devising a tool, which can evaluate heart disease risk and also provides a suggestion for lifestyle modifications (to reduce heart disease risk) in women patients.


The researchers studied more than 520 women residing in Chicago and Pittsburgh, aged around 51 years with varying states of menopause. They evaluated CT scans of the participants and blood pressure (BP). The study results show

  • Increased risk of fatty heart with increased overall body fat among both black and white women
  • The higher amount of fat around the heart of white women compared with black women with same body mass index (BMI)
  • The study results among black women show likely chances to accumulate fat around their heart who used to store fat in their midsection during their middle ages
  • But the results are different among white women. The study results among white women show increased chances to accumulate fat around heart irrespective of the area of fat storage in the body

Risk of heart disease in women can be predicted with race and weight gain

Researchers say worse heart health outcomes with abdominal fat for black men and women and worse heart health outcomes with higher BMI for white men and women. Lead author of the study was Samar El Khoudary, PhD, associate professor, epidemiology, Pitts Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, United States. The study findings were published on August 2, 2017, in the journal Menopause. Title of the article was "Cardiovascular fat in women at midlife: effects of race, overall adiposity and central adiposity. The SWAN Cardiovascular Fat Study".




       
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Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases with pneumonia or sepsis infection

A study done by the researchers shows enhanced risk in adults with cardiovascular diseases and hospital admission even after recovery from pneumonia or sepsis infection. Their study shows incidents of inflammation even after five years of pneumonia or sepsis infection recovered patients. Diseases associated with the heart such as cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, heart diseases and stroke are associated with inflammation. Researchers studied 236,939 adult Swedish male individuals, born between 1952 and 1956 and came to this conclusion.


The following table shows risk of cardiovascular diseases after recovery from pneumonia or sepsis infection even after considering other risk factors such as obesity or overweight or higher body mass index (BMI), low physical activity or sedentary behavior or couch potato behavior, high blood pressure (BP) or hypertension and household crowding (means needing one or more bedrooms at home) in childhood.

Years after pneumonia or sepsis infection Enhanced risk of cardiovascular diseases,
including coronary heart disease & stroke
First year 6.33 times
Second year 2.47 times
Third year 2.12 times
Fifth year Nearly 2 times

Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases with pneumonia or sepsis infection

Co-author of the study was Scott Montgomery, Adjunct Professor, Orebro University, Sweden. The study findings were published on August 1, 2017, in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Title of the article was "Severe infections and subsequent delayed cardiovascular disease."




       
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