| Article 242 |
Less Than Six Hours Of Sleep Per Day Can Cause Weight Gain, Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) And Obesity
A study at the Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine (LICAMM) and the School of Food Science and Nutrition, Leeds, the United Kingdom shows an increased risk of metabolic diseases, obesity (or weight gain) and high blood sugar levels (or type 2 diabetes. T2D) with less than six hours of sleep per day.
The study shows an increased waist measurement by three cms in people who sleep on an average of around six hours a night compared to the people who sleep on an average of around nine hours of sleep a night. The researchers suggest that seven to nine hours of night sleep per day is required for an adult.
The researchers have conducted a study on 1,615 adults, aged between 19 and 65 years. In the study, they collected details from the participants such as the number of sleep hours per day, food consumption, body weight, the circumference of waist, thyroid function, blood cholesterol, blood sugar (glucose) levels and blood pressure.
The study shows a lower level of HDL or "good" cholesterol, obesity (or weight gain), a risk of metabolic diseases, and high blood sugar levels (or type 2 diabetes. T2D) in the participants who sleep for a shorter duration. Obesity is a risk factor for multiple diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D). But the study did not find any association between the less healthy diet and less sleep.
This study was not intended to assess the diseases associated with chronic poor sleep over time. The lead author of the study was Dr. Laura J. Hardie, the Department of Molecular Epidemiology, the Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine (LICAMM), the University of Leeds. The study was published on July 27, 2017, in the journal PLOS One. Title of the article was "Longer sleep is associated with lower BMI and favorable metabolic profiles in UK adults: Findings from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey."
Higher Risk Of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) In Early Term Or Early Birth Babies
A study at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel shows the risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D), diseases related to obesity and short lifespan in the early birth or "early term" babies. A baby delivered between 37 and 39 weeks of pregnancy is considered as "early term" (or preterm or early birth). But a baby born between 39 and 41 weeks of pregnancy may have a less likely risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared to a baby born either before 39 weeks or after 41 weeks.
The researchers have analyzed the general health outcomes and hospital visits of 171,000 full-term babies and 54,073 "early term" or early birth babies. The researchers have found a higher rate of incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in "early term" or early birth babies when they aged five years or older. They also found that an early birth baby is obese (or high body mass index. BMI) as they grow and hospitalizations due to endocrine and metabolic complications are common among children up to the age of 18 years.
Prof. Eyal Sheiner, vice dean of Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Soroka University Medical Center, Beersheba, Israel, says that the early term pregnancy is likely to be associated with the following issues.
- Complications due to hypertensive disorders.
- Most cesarean births result in early term delivery.
- The birth weight of early term baby is often low, less than 5.5 pounds (2.5 kgs).
- The pregnancy complications with the gestational and pre-gestational diabetes.
The authors of the study are Dr. Daniela Landau, Dr. Tamar Weinstock and Ruslan Sergienko, the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel. The study was published on August 7, 2017, in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Title of the article was "Evidence that children born at early term (37-38 6/7 weeks) are at increased risk for diabetes and obesity-related disorders."
| Published on September 9, 2017 |
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