| Article 264 |
Wearable And Disposable Paper Plaster Device To Measure Sugar Levels From The Sweat To Prevent Hypoglycemia And Seizure
A previous study shows the risk of cardiovascular diseases and high blood sugar (glucose) levels can be reduced in patients of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with a regular workout (or exercise), a diet with low glycemic index foods and medications. The muscles and body cells will consume more glucose (sugar) from the blood while doing exercise and can increase the risk of hypoglycemia. The risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels) in a patient of diabetes during an exercise (or workout) can cause the loss of consciousness or a seizure.
The researchers at the State University of New York, (Binghamton University or SUNY Binghamton), Binghamton have developed a biosensor patch to help the patients of diabetes from hypoglycemia while doing an exercise (or workout).
There are some flaws in the current devices using sweat to measure sugar levels of an individual. They are.
- The existing devices are unable to collect enough sweat sample for the analysis of glucose levels.
- A risk of evaporation of the sweat in the existing devices.
- The existing devices need a longer time to collect enough sweat sample for the analysis of sugar levels.
The researchers have eliminated the flaws in the new wearable and disposable paper plaster device. The device can measure the sugar (glucose) levels by collecting the sweat during the workout or immediately after the workout (or exercise). The device uses a non-invasive procedure in collecting the sweat sample for analysis. This device does not require an external power supply.
The investigator of this innovation was Seokheun Choi, Ph.D., an Assistant Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering, the Binghamton University, Binghamton, United States.
Seizure: It is a serious medical condition associated with an extremely low sugar (hypoglycemia or insulin shock) or high glucose levels (hyperglycemia) in the blood, especially in a patient with diabetes.
This may not require an emergency treatment. This may happen due to variations in the insulin levels, intercurrent disease (a disease during the course of another disease) or due to other metabolic factors.
Cortical Bone Microstructure And Tibia Density Deficits May Increase The Risk Of Fracture In Elderly Patients Of Type 2 Diabetes
The older (seniors) people of type 2 diabetes (T2D) are more likely to succumb to fractures compared to older people without type 2 diabetes (T2D) even though older people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have normal to higher bone density compared with people without type 2 diabetes (T2D). Bone fractures may lead to decreased quality of life, increased medical costs, disability and even death.
A study shows bone density deficits in the distal tibia and cortical (or compact) bone microstructure is associated with an increased HbA1c (or blood sugar or glucose levels) in patients of type 2 diabetes (T2D).
The researchers say that the traditional dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (also known as DEXA, DXA, bone density scan or bone densitometry scan) cannot identify the specific deficits in cortical (or compact) bone density in patients of diabetes.
The researchers have conducted a study on 1000 women and men, with an average age of 65 years using a high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT) to compare the bone microarchitecture among healthy individuals and patients of type 2 diabetes (T2D).
The study shows a weakness in the cortical bone microarchitecture (which cannot be identified in standard bone density testing equipment) in older patients of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The researchers say that the increased risk of fracture in patients of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is due to the alterations in the microarchitecture of cortical (or compact) bone.
Lead author of the study was Elizabeth J. Samuelson, Ph.D., the Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research, Boston, United States. The study was published on September 20, 2017, in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. Title of the article was "Diabetes and Deficits in Cortical Bone Density, Microarchitecture, and Bone Size: Framingham HR-pQCT Study."
Bone: There are two types of bone tissues. They differ in the microstructure. But they are biologically related. They are.
- Compact bone (or cortical bone) tissue, high bone density with the hard exterior.
- Spongy bone (trabecular or cancellous bone) tissue, low bone density with the hard exterior of the bone compared to the compact bone. This part of the bone contains red bone marrow, which produces blood cells.
| Published on October 29, 2017 |
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