Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 273
    Published on December 2, 2017

Increased risk of gestational diabetes and high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) with short sleep duration

There was a significant drop in the sleeping duration during the last 20 years in the United States. About 16 percent of men and 25 percent of the women are experiencing insufficient sleep. A study done by researchers shows an increased risk of the development of gestational diabetes among pregnant women with a short sleep duration.

Researchers have conducted a meta-analysis of 17,308 pregnant women from eight studies. Researchers have collected self-reported sleep duration and information related to gestational diabetes from them. They also measured sleep duration objectively using accelerometer-based sleep trackers. Researchers also collected raw individual's data (such as blood glucose levels and objectively measured sleep duration) of 287 gestational diabetes pregnant women from four additional studies. Researchers made following observations after meta-analysis.

  • Likely risk of the development of gestational diabetes increases by 1.7 fold (or 70 percent) if the average sleep duration is less than 6 hours.
  • Researchers looked into records of those pregnant women whose sleep duration was measured objectively and gestational diabetes information was recorded. They found 2.84 fold increase in gestational diabetes risk if the sleep duration was less than 6.25 hours compared to those pregnant women whose sleep duration was more than 6.25 hours per night.

Gestational diabetes high blood sugar glucose levels (hyperglycemia) risk with short sleep duration.

Researchers say more research is needed to confirm whether the risk of gestational diabetes can be reduced by extending sleep duration. Lead authors of the study were Dr. Sirimon Reutrakul, MD, an associate professor, Chicago College of Medicine, University of Illinois. The study findings were published on October 16, 2017, in the journal Sleep Medicine Reviews. Title of the article was "Short sleep duration and hyperglycemia in pregnancy: Aggregate and individual patient data meta-analysis."

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Thyroid dysfunction or disorder (such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism) was not associated with type 2 diabetes

Researchers have conducted a follow-up study for three years among the Tehran Thyroid Study (TTS) participants, with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D) to gauge risk factors for the thyroid disease development and a number of patients affected with thyroid disorders. The number of participants in the study was 5,786 people (3,410 women and 2,376 men). Researchers analyzed records of both type 2 diabetes (T2D) and prediabetes patients aged more than 30 years. They also conducted follow-up assessments for every three years.

They calculated incidents of thyroid disorders and adjusted them with other health risk factors such as age, sex, triglycerides, body mass index (BMI), tobacco usage, cholesterol levels, insulin resistance index, blood pressure, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb).

The study results show no higher incidence of thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism (both at clinical and subclinical stages) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with people without type 2 diabetes (T2D). Researchers say there is no association between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and thyroid disorders. In this study, researchers excluded patients who are with following conditions.

  • Patients with thyroid disease
  • Patients consuming radioactive iodine
  • Patients with a history of thyroidectomy
  • Pregnant women
  • Those patients taking glucocorticoids, levothyroxine, methimazole, propylthiouracil or lithium
  • Patient with a history of thyroid surgery

Thyroid dysfunction disease (hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism) was not linked with type 2 diabetes.

Author of the study was Dr. Azita Zadeh-Vakili. The study findings were published on October 3, 2017, in the PLoS One. Title of the article was "Thyroid dysfunction in patients with impaired glucose metabolism: 11 years follow-up from the Tehran Thyroid Study."

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