American Heart Association guidelines say systolic reading of 130 mm Hg is the new high blood pressure reading
The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have announced new blood pressure guidelines at the Scientific Sessions conference - 2017 held in Anaheim, California, the United States. The guidelines redefined 130/80 mm Hg or above blood pressure reading as high blood pressure. Previously, a reading equal to above 140/90 mm Hg was considered as high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a risk factor to cardiovascular and heart (or cardiac) diseases.
This ACC/AHA guidelines were written along with 11 other professional health organizations. Scientists and health experts have reviewed more than 900 published studies in writing these new guidelines.
With this update, nearly 46 percent of the adults in the United States are with high blood pressure but a small increase in the number of adults under antihypertensive medication.
Lead author says an individual should try to reduce blood pressure without medications or drugs once blood pressure reaches 130/80 mm Hg as heart complications may start at those levels too. Patients should reduce high blood pressure with healthy lifestyle measures such as.
Lead author of the updated guidelines says starting of damage to blood vessels and risk to cardiovascular diseases doubles when blood pressure reaches 130/80 mm Hg when compared with risk when blood pressure reading was at 120/80 mm Hg. The new guidelines also removed usage of prehypertension term. Earlier, prehypertension term refers to a condition when blood pressure reading is between 120 and 139 mm Hg. New guidelines defined blood pressure categories as.
Guidelines have recommended medication for individuals with Stage I hypertension. Guidelines also suggest blood pressure reading should be an average of at least two to three readings taken on at least two different occasions.
They recommended "ASCVD Risk Estimator Plus" formula for the calculation of 10-years ASCVD (Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease) risk. The formula uses following factors in calculating 10-year ASCVD risk.
Lead author of the guidelines was Paul K. Whelton, MB, MD, MSc, FACC, an American physician-scientist, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, the United States. The study findings were published November 13, 2017, in the American Heart Association journal - Hypertension. Title of the article was "New ACC/AHA High Blood Pressure Guidelines Lower Definition of Hypertension."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.