Increased risk of metabolic syndrome, heart diseases and weight gain by eating too fast
Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), heart diseases and stroke. Over a period of five years starting from 2008, researchers have conducted studies among 1,083 adult participants, 441 women and 642 men, to find out an association between eating speed and the development of metabolic syndrome. The average age of the participants was 51.2 years. All the participants are without any signs of metabolic syndrome at the start of the study.
They have collected each participant's information related to their food habits, lifestyle, physical activity or workouts and medical events and problems through a self-administered questionnaire. After observing their eating speed, they divided them into three groups.
The study results show following risk percentages to development of metabolic syndrome among three groups.
Authors say their study shows enhanced risks to metabolic syndrome and obesity with fast eating. These risks exist not only to Japanese but also to the citizens of the United States and Western population. So eating slowly can prevent the development of metabolic syndrome and this factor should be included in the lifestyle of an individual.
They also say an individual may not feel full and likely to consume more than required while eating fast. Eating fast may cause higher fluctuation in blood glucose or sugar levels and leading to the development of insulin resistance. An individual can have a slimmer waistline and reduced risk of metabolic syndrome by taking time in eating.
Lead author of the study was Dr. Takayuki Yamaji, MD, a cardiologist from Hiroshima University, in the cities of Higashihiroshima and Hiroshima, Japan. The study results were presented during the Scientific Sessions 2017 of the American Heart Association, held in Anaheim, California, between November 11 and 15, 2017. Title of the study was "Gobbling your food may harm your waistline and heart."
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.