Diabetes, Heart and Cardiovascular Diseases News Chronicle.  Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Heart Diseases
 Article 309
    Published on February 21, 2018


Fast-food takeaway meal consumption by kids children increases the risk to type 2 diabetes, obesity and coronary heart diseases

Consumption of the fast-food takeaway has increased by 25 percent with the help of Apps, online software applications and dedicated meal delivery systems between 1996 and 2006 in the United Kingdom. When compared with home-made meals, takeaway meals contains more calories, sodium and saturated fats with less starch, protein, fiber, vitamin c (and other vitamins) and minerals (iron, calcium etc) and folate.


Studies show 30 percent of kids and children frequently consume takeaway and junk food and about 33 percent of children are overweight or obese by the time they finish their primary schooling. Regular consumption of carry-out meals was linked to lower metabolism, obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart diseases in adults. The effects of the consumption of the takeaway or junk food on kids are not known.

A study shows risk to the development of type 2 diabetes and heart diseases later in the life among those children who consume carry-out or "takeaway" meals for at least once in a week.

Researchers have conducted studies among 1,948 kids, aged nine and ten years, belonging to 85 primary schools in the United Kingdom with questions related to their usual diets, the source of their meals and frequency of takeaway meals consumption.

Researchers used images of common takeaway foods being consumed to estimate the quantity of consumption and for the calculation of energy density and nutrient levels.


Researchers also took children's blood samples to find out blood fats and cholesterol levels, blood pressure levels, body fat composition and physical measurements such as weight, height, skinfold thickness and waist circumference.

The following table shows takeaway meals consumption among children in the United Kingdom.

Consumption frequency
of takeaway foods
Number of children
(%)
Never or rare consumption 499 (26%)
Less than once in a week 894 (46%)
At least once in a week 555 (28%)

The study findings show.

  • Increased skinfold thickness (measured with skinfold testing or caliper testing) and increased fats in body and bloodstream with the consumption of the takeaway.
  • High levels of body fats, total cholesterol and LDL or "BAD" cholesterol among the frequent takeaway kids group, which increases the long-term risk to obesity or overweight, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
  • The study shows boys were frequent consumers of takeaway compared to girls.
  • No differences in insulin resistance and blood pressure levels with the consumption of the takeaway.
  • The difference in blood fat levels found to be similar among children belonging to different ethnic groups.

Authors of the study say the reduction in takeaway meals consumption will provide both short term and long term health benefits to children or kids. They also say that their study is an observational study and further studies are required to show cause and effect relationship. This study could not show the association between chronic diseases and takeaway meal consumption among children.


Eating fast-food takeaway meal by kids children cause type 2 diabetes, obesity, coronary heart diseases.

Lead author of the study was Angela S. Donin, a researcher at St. George's, University of London. The study findings were published December 3, 2017, in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. Title of the article was "Takeaway meal consumption and risk markers for obesity or higher body mass index (BMI), coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity in children aged 9-10 years: a cross-sectional study." DOI : dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-312981




       
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