About HbA1c Test
When the blood glucose levels are high, the excess glucose levels will not be used by the body and will not be stored as fat. The excess sugar will be attached to red blood cells. The lifespan of the glucose is three to four months.
HbA1c test can give the average level of sugar (glucose) attached to the blood of an individual during the last three months. HbA1c test result will be represented in percent, indicating estimated average glucose (eAG) during the last three months.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) is recommending HbA1c value of less than 7.0 for patients with diabetes. The target range for HbA1c is between 6.5 and 7.0 percent. One can use the following formula to convert HbA1c to eAG.
eAG = 28.7 X HbA1c - 46.7
The best way to measure the blood glucose levels and the risk of diabetes in an individual is the HbA1c test. A low level of blood sugar or hypoglycemia can lead to irregular heartbeats and lack of oxygen. Low blood sugar can trigger a heart attack or sudden death. So a patient with diabetes should not rigorously control the blood sugar (glucose) levels.
The Risk Of Type 1 Diabetes When A Pregnant Women Is Carrying Twins
A study by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists shows that the pregnant women carrying more than one baby are at a higher risk of pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes (GD), preeclampsia, fetal growth and depression after pregnancy.
The analytical study was conducted on 15 pregnant women carrying twins and 108 pregnant women carrying one baby. All the participants are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D).
The study has found that more insulin is required by the pregnant women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) between 14 and 27 weeks of pregnancy carrying twins when compared with pregnant women with one baby and type 1 diabetes (T1D).
No change in the insulin needed between 27 and 33 weeks of pregnancy due to the restricted growth of the fetus, which is normal in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes (T2D) and carrying more than one baby.
Benefits From The Mediterranean Diet
A 50-year long study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine shows that eating a lot of fat is healthy.
The high-fat diet can reduce the risk of breast cancer by 57 percent, type 2 diabetes by 30 percent and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) by 29 percent when compared with a low-fat diet.
The refined grains, saturated fats and added sugar can increase the risk of chronic diseases. The researchers have studied the available evidence and say that the Mediterranean diet is a healthy diet. The Mediterranean diet is containing the following food components.
Monounsaturated fats can improve the cholesterol levels and control sugar levels in the blood. The lead author of the study was Dr. Hanna Bloomfield, the US Department of Veterans Affairs medical center, Minnesota.
The Risk When The Children Are Born With Congenital Heart Disease
A study on 5,149 patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease shows an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in those people after the age of 30 years.
The cyanotic congenital heart disease is a health condition where the tissues of the surface of the skin will receive less oxygen and turn bluish.
The lead author of the study was Dr. Nicolas Madsen MD, Cardiologist, Cincinnati. The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
The Health Benefits Of Eating Healthy Fats
A study led by Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian M.D, the Tufts University and Dr. Fumiaki Imamura Ph.D., the University of Cambridge shows that eating more unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats in place of carbohydrates or saturated fats can lower the blood sugar levels and improves insulin resistance.
This study indicates increased health benefits with the consumption of high-fat foods like walnuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds, flaxseed, vegetable oils and fish. The diet should avoid refined grains, sugars, starches and animal fats.
The study was published in PLOS Medicine.
The Diabetes News Chronicle does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Information in Diabetes News Chronicle is to support and not to replace medical advice given by the surgeon or physician or doctor. The published article is not a medical advice by the OWNER of the "Diabetes News Chronicle" website or by the AUTHOR of the article.
Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.