| Article 146 |
Salty Skin In People With Kidney Disease Could Be A Sign Of Heart Problem
A study by researchers shows an association between sodium content over the skin and the changes in the heart such as enlargement and thickening of the left ventricle (bottom left chamber of the heart) that increases the risk of the development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).
Researchers conducted studies with 99 patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease. Researches measured sodium levels in muscles and tissues that store sodium. The study shows in patients with high levels of sodium in the skin. Treatments to reduce sodium content may improve cardiovascular events. Heart health can be judged with the amount of salt in an individual's skin. Previous studies show an individual consumes more sodium, the risk of high blood pressure and heart diseases too increases. Experts think increases consumption of sodium increases the risk of heart diseases in people with chronic kidney disease.
Individuals with kidney disease should not eat salt unnecessarily. Sodium levels increases in the body as kidneys fail its filtering process. Sodium levels can be reduced by using spices while cooking instead of salt. The study findings were published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Left ventricular hypertrophy : Left ventricle of the heart is the main blood pumping chamber of the heart. A condition known as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) may happen due to enlargement and thickening of heart muscles leading to losing heart muscles elasticity. When heart muscles lose elasticity, left ventricle of the heart fails to function and risk of heart attack increases. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) condition do not show signs or symptoms during the early stages.
Type 2 Diabetes Can Be Prevented With Weight Maintenance Programs
Health care professionals think the combination of type 2 diabetes and obesity as umbrella condition "diabesity" (obesity-related diabetes). Diabesity is becoming into global health crisis in developed and developing countries. A study by researchers from Epidemiology Unit, the University of Cambridge shows type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be prevented more effectively with those strategies that can promote weight loss or maintaining same weight in all people instead of targeting obese people who are at higher risk of the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Researchers used data of 33,184 Swedes, aged between 30 and 60. They collected information on diabetes occurrence with changes in the body weight and came to above conclusion.
The study data shows the risk of the development of type 2 diabetes was 52 percent in 53.9% of individuals who gained more than 1kg/m2 over ten years period compared with those people with no change in their weight. Estimated data shows
- Type 2 diabetes can be prevented in 21.9 percent of the population if they maintain same weight over a period of time regardless of their baseline weight
- Type 2 diabetes can be prevented in just 8.2 percent of the high-risk individuals with body mass index (BMI) over 30 kg/m2 with a commercial weight management programs.
The lead author of the study was Adina Feldman PhD, the University of Cambridge and co-author of the study was Patrik Wennberg MD PhD, Sweden. The study findings were published in the BMC Public Health journal.
| Published on March 1, 2017 |
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