| Article 228 Published on August 18, 2017 |
The Risk Of Heart Disease In Women Can Be Predicted With The Race And Weight Gain
A study at the University of Pittsburgh shows the risk of heart diseases in women can be predicted with race and location of the body fat. The excess fat accumulation around the heart is a risk factor for heart diseases. But only a specialized heart scan can show the fat accumulation around the heart.
The authors of the study say that their previous study plus the current study has helped them in developing a tool to evaluate the risk of heart disease. The new tool can also provide a suggestion for lifestyle modifications to lower the risk of heart disease in women.
A study was done on more than 520 women, residents of Chicago and Pittsburgh, aged around 51 years with different stages of the menopause. They examined CT scans of the participants and blood pressure (BP). The study shows the following observations.
- An increased risk of fatty heart with an increase in overall body fat in both black and white women.
- A higher amount of fat around the heart of white women compared with black women of the same body mass index (BMI).
- Likely chances for the accumulation of fat around the heart of a black woman who used to store fat around the midsection during the middle ages.
- But the results are different among white women. The increased chances for the accumulation of fat around the heart of a white woman. The fat accumulation is independent of the fat location in the during the middle ages.
The researchers say that the worst outcomes for heart health with the abdominal fat for black men and women and the worst outcomes for heart health with higher BMI for white men and women.
The lead author of the study was Samar El Khoudary, Ph.D., associate professor, epidemiology, Pitts Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, United States. The study was published on August 2, 2017, in the journal Menopause. Title of the article was "Cardiovascular fat in women at midlife: effects of race, overall adiposity and central adiposity. The SWAN Cardiovascular Fat Study."
The Enhanced Risk Of Cardiovascular Diseases From Pneumonia Or Sepsis Infection
A study on 236,939 Swedish men, born between 1952 and 1956, shows an enhanced risk of cardiovascular diseases and admission to the hospital in adults even if the patient recovers from pneumonia or sepsis infection.
The study shows the incidence of inflammation in patients recovered from pneumonia or sepsis infection even after five years. Heart diseases such as cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke are associated with inflammation.
The following table shows the risk of cardiovascular diseases after the patient recover from pneumonia or sepsis infection. The risks are even after considering other risk factors associated with heart diseases such as obesity (higher body mass index. BMI), low physical activity (or sedentary behavior or couch potato behavior), high blood pressure (BP or hypertension) and household crowding (means needing one or more bedrooms at home) in childhood.
| Years after pneumonia |
or sepsis infection
| * Enhanced risk of cardiovascular diseases |
| The first year || 6.33 times |
| The second year || 2.47 times |
| The third year || 2.12 times |
| Fifth-year || Nearly two times |
| * Including coronary heart disease and stroke. |
The co-author of the study was Scott Montgomery, Adjunct Professor, Orebro University, Sweden. The study was published on August 1, 2017, in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Title of the article was "Severe infections and subsequent delayed cardiovascular disease."
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