The Number Of Complications That May Be Developed In A Patient Of Type 2 Diabetes Is Not Linked To The Severity Of Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) can increase the risk of cardiovascular and heart diseases, high blood pressure and complications to the eye, oral and kidneys. A study shows that the number of future complications that may be developed in a patient of type 2 diabetes appears to be not linked with the severity of the type 2 diabetes in the patient.
Researchers have conducted a study among 160 men and women adults with an average age of 56 years. Researchers looked into the following possible complications associated with type 2 diabetes.
* HbA1c or A1c levels: HbA1c can indicate a three-month average blood sugar levels. High blood glucose levels can cause multiple health complications.
* LDL or "BAD" cholesterol levels: The LDL cholesterol can cause the build-up of fatty matter in the arteries leading to the plaque formation in the arteries. The plaque formation is a risk factor for atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, stroke and heart attack.
* Blood pressure: Earlier studies show that the added sugars (particularly in fruit. Fructose) and sodium (present in common table salt) can increase the blood pressure. The blood pressure is a risk factor for heart and cardiovascular diseases.
* Retinal (or retinaldehyde) health: The patients of diabetes are at a higher risk of diabetic retinopathy (eye complications).
* Periodontal (gum) health: The bacterial infections can cause the periodontal disease and can damage the bone and soft tissues that support the gums. The patients of diabetes are at a higher risk of gum disease.
* Foot complications: Diabetes can cause a poor blood flow in the small arteries and can damage the nerves leading to foot complications.
Researchers have used the Diabetes Cross-Disciplinary Index (DXDI) to rate the severity of health complications associated with diabetes from 1 (no complications. A good diabetes control) to 5 (poor control. A worse diabetes control) in an individual. Researchers assigned a "LOW" category to an individual with a score of none to two and a "HIGH" category to an individual with a score of three or more.
Most of the patients of diabetes have two or more chronic health complications. The researchers have found the same number of complications associated with diabetes in the patients with a "HIGH" and a "LOW" HbA1c levels. This indicates that the number of complications associated with type 2 diabetes is not linked with the severity of type 2 diabetes.
The author of the study was Adeba Mohammad, a researcher and also a medical student, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California, the United States. The study was presented at the World Congress on Insulin Resistance, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease, between November 30 and December 2, 2017, at Los Angeles, United States.
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Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.