| Article 56 Published on September 14, 2016 |
Triglycerides, Hypertension, Hypotension and Blood Pressure And Benefits With Intensive Diabetes Treatment
A study by researchers shows intensive type 2 diabetes (T2D) management can extend life by eight years. The research results show the risk of kidney, heart and vision complications too reduced except the risk of nerve damages. An individual can benefit from intensive type ii diabetes (T2D) treatment even if one starts from middle age. Intensive diabetes treatment include following good lifestyle (eating a healthy diet, no smoking, doing daily physical exercise) and with health factors such as
- Reducing blood pressure levels
- Reducing blood sugar levels
- Reducing triglycerides
- Reducing "BAD" cholesterol and increasing "GOOD" cholesterol
- Reducing blood clots
Researchers say usage of statins made big difference in the outcome. Author of the study was Dr. Oluf Pedersen, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center, Denmark the study results were published in the journal Diabetologia.
Blood pressure : Blood while circulating within the body exerts pressure on the walls of the blood vessels and is called blood pressure and measured in mm of mercury. Blood pressure increases when the heart pumps blood (heartbeats) and falls when the heart relaxes between beats. Blood pressure (BP) is a vital sign that indicates the health of an individual and expressed as maximum pressure (systolic) over minimum pressure (diastolic). Normal parameters for a healthy individual is 120/80 mm Hg. Desired values for systolic is between 90 and 119 mm Hg and for diastolic is 60 to 79 mm Hg. Blood pressure keeps on changing with respect to activity, situation and disease.
- One can say an individual is with hypotension or low blood pressure if systolic reading is less than 90 mm Hg and diastolic reading is less than 60 mm Hg.
- One can say an individual is with hypertension or high blood pressure if systolic reading is more than 140 mm Hg and diastolic reading is more than 90 mm Hg.
High blood pressure put extra load on heart and blood vessels and increases the risk of heart attack, strokes, kidney diseases and some forms of dementia. The risk factors for high blood pressure are
- High salt intake
- High alcohol consumption
- Leading sedentary life
- Low fruit and vegetable consumption
- Age factor. As age increases, blood pressure too increases
- Genetic factors
- Ethnic origin factor. Individuals from South Asian communities and the African Caribbean are at a greater risk of high blood pressure
Systolic reading is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This reading increases with age due to plaque buildup in arteries.
Triglycerides : Triglycerides are the main form of fat molecules in the body and blood. The heart is at an increased risk of high triglycerides levels in the blood and body. Extra food (such as fats, carbohydrates and proteins) that we consume are finally converted into triglycerides in our digestive system. Triglycerides are bundled and transported in the bloodstream to adipose (fat) cells in our body for storage. The stored fat is used for energy whenever there is a food shortage. Triglycerides levels in our body can be checked with a lipid profile test. Normal fasting triglyceride for both men and women is 1.7 mmol/L. High levels of triglycerides co-exist with other health factors such as diabetes, high total cholesterol, high LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol. An individual can reduce triglycerides for better health and reduced risk of heart diseases by following health measures
- Eating more omega-3 fatty acid foods
- Daily healthy diet
- Reducing consumption of fats (such as saturated and trans fats)
- Weight loss
- Avoiding alcohol
- Physical exercise
Several medicines can help an individual in reducing dangerous triglyceride levels. They are
Cholesterol and triglycerides are lipids and circulate in our bloodstream with the help of proteins as they can't dissolve in blood. Triglycerides are unused calories or energy and stored in our body cells as fat to be used in future. The body requires cholesterol to build body cells and some hormones.
The Diabetes News Chronicle does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Information in Diabetes News Chronicle is to support and not to replace medical advice given by the surgeon or physician or doctor. The published article is not a medical advice by the OWNER of the "Diabetes News Chronicle" website or by the AUTHOR of the article.
Published by Jammi Vasista, Chennai, India.
Address Diabetes News Chronicle, No 40, Kaveri Street, Rajaji Nagar, Villivakkam, Chennai, India. Pin : 600049.